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Glossary / Definitions

Last Updated: Mar 27, 2018 10:03PM PDT
So what do the terms used in WebSpy reports really mean? Here are the definitions for some of those terms.

A Summary can often be thought of as a field in your log file, such as Usernames. But Summaries can also utilize multiple fields in your log files to show a more intelligent result. For example, the Origin Domain summary uses the Fastvue Site Clean engine to process multiple fields in your log files and output a list of more 'sensible' web sites that users were actually visiting, rather than showing advertising, widgets, CDNs and other background sites.

Vantage can also take a single field in your log file to create multiple Summaries. For example, Vantage will split a single URL field into many Summaries such as Site Domain, Site Resource and Site Keywords (see Summaries created from URLs), or a DateTime field into multiple summaries such as Hours, Months and Years.

Summaries are the building blocks for your report templates and the objects that you can apply Aliases to.

A schema is the list of all the Summaries that Vantage Ultimate creates from the fields available in log file. Schemas are used to separate logically different sets of information from a log file.

For example, a log file from a UTM device may contain both Web and Email information. These two types of information are separated into different Schemas because it does not makes sense to drilldown from one into the other. For example, drilling down into an email subject line and into the web URLs associated with those email subjects does not make sense.

Depending on the log file format you are importing, the list of Summaries that are returned will vary. For example, when you import a Microsoft Exchange log file, you will see Summaries such as Senders, Recipients, and Subjects. When importing a Web Gateway log file, you will see Summaries such as Site Domain, Users and Action (Blocked/Allowed etc).

When you create Report Templates, you first need to select the Schema you want to report on, and then you can utilize all the Summaries in that schema to build out the Report content.

Origin Domain
This is the result of the Fastvue Site Clean engine that attempts to show real sites visited instead of CDNs, advertising and social sharing widget URLs. If you want to see a clean list of websites visited in your Reports, we recommend using this Summary.
Browsing Time:
Browsing Time is calculated by looking at the date/time stamp of each hit, and then grouping the hits into sessions. Whether a hit falls into a particular session or not is based on a special 'threshold time'. The default threshold time 5 minutes, but you can change this. So, if 2 hits are within 5 minutes of each other they are grouped into the same session. If a 3rd hit is made within 5 minutes of the 2nd hit, this is also added to the same session. If there is a break of more than 5 minutes, with no hits made, then the previous session is finished and a new session is started when the next hit is made. 
The browsing time of all sessions is added together to get the total browsing time for a user. 
If a user opens a browser and then walks away from their computer for an hour, as long as the website they have opened does not have any self-refreshing banner ads or tickers on it, then no time will be added to that user's browsing time while they are away from their PC, apart from the initial 2 seconds to open the website.

For more information, see Browsing Time Explained.
Download Time / Processing Time:
Download Time is taken directly from the log file, and is defined by the proxy server as the time taken to download the resource from the website. So for each resource downloaded from a website (eg each picture, each banner ad, etc) the time taken to download that resource is recorded. 
The individual times for each resource are then summed to get the total Download Time for a User, Site, Date, etc.
A hit is defined as any single resource (eg a file or any other item) downloaded from an Internet site to your computer. One web page can be made up of many hits - the main page, the pictures on the page, the files on the page and so on. Each picture and other resource is counted as a separate hit.
IAU policy:
An IAU policy is the acronym used for Internet Acceptable Usage policy. This is the publicly made available document to all new and existing employees of an organization that clearly and succinctly explains how the Internet resource is to be used within the workplace environment. Often this is a legal document that has been formulated by a combination of the Human Resources and IT departments to ensure correct and appropriate web surfing. WebSpy's analysis and reporting solutions have been proven to reduce inappropriate web usage when used in conjunction with such a document. 
IP address:
An IP address is a unique string of numbers that identifies a computer on the Internet or on a network, consisting of 4 parts separated by dots, e.g. This number may be represented by a simple name e.g. www.webspy.com
A protocol is a special set of rules or conventions for communication between two computers. Both computers must recognize and observe the protocol. Different types of Internet traffic use different protocols. Protocols are often described in an industry or international standard.

Site Extension:

A site extension is the part of the Site Resource consisting of the letters to the right of the period. The site extension identifies the type of file that has been downloaded, so that your operating system knows what program to associate the file with.

Using the Files Alias enables you to group site extensions, such as 'htm', 'xml', 'css', into a representative name, such as 'Web Document'.

Site Name:
The site name is the part of the web page's URL before the first forward slash character '/'. e.g. www.webspy.com is a site name.

Site Profile:
Profiles are WebSpy's system of categorising web sites. This is done based on keyword matching on the Site URL. Sample profiles are provided with the software, and can be fully customized in the Profiles section of Vantage.
Site Resource:
Resources are the individual items that you download from a web site. The resource name is the part of the URL that comes after the first forward slash character '/'.
e.g. www.webspy.com/logo.gif indicates there is a resource called /logo.gif stored at the site www.webspy.com
URL / Site URL:
URLs are the Internet equivalent of addresses. URL stands for either Universal Resource Locator or Uniform Resource Locator, depending on the source of the definition. In WebSpy the URL field includes both the Site Name or IP address, as well as the resouce part of the website, eg www.webspy.com/images/image1.jpg

For more information, see Summaries Created from URLs.

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